How long did the Fatimid empire last?

How long did the Fatimid empire last?

Fatimid dynasty, political and religious dynasty that dominated an empire in North Africa and subsequently in the Middle East from 909 to 1171 ce and tried unsuccessfully to oust the Abbasid caliphs as leaders of the Islamic world.

Who ended Fatimid?

Even though the Fatimids ultimately failed in their ambitions—their rule was ended by Saladin in 1171, who restored Sunnism and Abbasid suzerainty to Egypt—they transformed Egypt, and their capital, Cairo, founded to be the seat of a universal empire, has since then been one of the main centres of the Islamic world.

What did the Fatimids invent?

Wood carving and jewelry were executed with equal skill and inventiveness. Fatimid artists created new decorative motifs and made greater use of figural forms, both human and animal. Figures were stylized but lively, while traditional vegetal and geometric decorations maintained their abstract quality.

Who were the Fatimids in Islam?

The Fatimids were an Ismaili Shi’i dynasty who reigned over a vast swathe of the southern Mediterranean–North Africa–all the way from Tunisia up until Egypt and parts of Syria. They reigned from 909 to 1171, CE, so about two and a half centuries of rule over this southern Mediterranean swathe of land.

Who ruled Egypt after the Fatimids?

Second Abbasid period and Ikhshidid period In 935, after repulsing another Fatimid attack, the Turkish commander Muhammad ibn Tughj became the de facto ruler of Egypt with the title of al-Ikhshid.

How did the Fatimids fall?

The Fatimids were unable to provide support, however, and the general was driven out of Baghdad by the Seljuq Turks. This proved to be a turning point and the beginning of the decline of both Fatimid power and Ismāʿīlī influence. Several reasons may be adduced for the failure of the Fatimid bid for Islamic leadership.

What was the Fatimid capital?

At this time, the Fatimids founded the city of Cairo (al-Qahira, “the triumphant”) and established it as their new capital (973).

Who were Fatimids in history?

When did the Fatimid dynasty start and end?

In the tenth to twelfth centuries, an area including present-day Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily, Egypt, and Syria came under the rule of the Fatimid dynasty (909–1171), an offshoot of a Shi’i sect from North Africa.

Who were the Fatimids?

The Fatimids were a minority branch of Islam that ruled much of the Muslim world for two hundred years. At their height, the Fatimid empire covered an area from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Syria in the east.

Where was the Fatimid Empire located?

At their height, the Fatimid empire covered an area from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Syria in the east. The Fatimid dynasty rose to power in 909 C.E. At the time, much of the medieval Middle East and North Africa was dominated by the Abbasid caliphate.

What happened to the Fatimid Caliphate?

After a period of revival during the tenure of the vizier Badr al-Jamali (d. 1094), the Fatimid caliphate declined rapidly during the late eleventh and twelfth centuries. In 1171, Saladin abolished the dynasty’s rule and founded the Ayyubid dynasty, which incorporated Egypt into the nominal sphere of authority of the Abbasid Caliphate.