How did Queen Elizabeth balance the needs of the Catholics and Protestants?
When it came to balancing the country’s religious forces, Elizabeth tried to take up a kind of middling position so as to create a broad church that would recognise her own sovereignty, while at the same time attracting as many of her subjects as possible.
Who should Elizabeth I marry?
Early in her reign, her choice was the ambitious and dashing Lord Robert Dudley. Robert Dudley was one of Elizabeth’s ‘favourites’, a long-term suitor and believed by many to have been her one true love.
Why did many Catholics oppose Elizabeth’s religious settlement?
The Act of Supremacy The term ‘Supreme Head’ was avoided because Christ was seen as Head of the Church. There was a strict prohibition of foreign leadership in the English church, so denying Elizabeth’s position in the Church was considered treason.
Who did France Capture 1558?
Siege of Calais
What was the punishment for not attending church?
The “1558 Recusancy Acts” began during the reign of Elizabeth I, and while temporarily repealed during the Interregnum (1649–1660), remained on the statute books until 1888. They imposed punishment such as fines, property confiscation, and imprisonment on those who did not participate in Anglican religious activity.
What did Elizabethan people do for entertainment London?
Entertainment at court in Elizabethan times included jousting, dancing, poetry-reading, dramatic performances, hunting, riding, banqueting and concerts. Many of Queen Elizabeth I’s most entertaining court appearances took place in Greenwich itself, at Greenwich Palace.
How did Mary lose Calais?
This provoked disillusionment with Mary, deepened by an unsuccessful war against France which led to the loss of Calais, England’s last possession in France, in January 1558. Childless, sick and deserted by Philip, Mary died on 17 November 1558. Her hopes for a Catholic England died with her.
Who lost Calais in 1558?
Did the Burghers of Calais die?
It tells the story of the siege of Calais in 1347, during the Hundred Years War. Calais had been surrounded for a year by English soldiers under King Edward III. Six leading citizens of Calais, the Burghers, offered to die if Edward spared the rest of the town’s people.
How long did England own Calais?
Due to its position, Calais since the Middle Ages has been a major port and a very important centre for transport and trading with England. Calais came under English control after Edward III of England captured the city in 1347, followed by a treaty in 1360 that formally assigned Calais to English rule.
What was happening in 1603?
Queen Elizabeth I of England dies at Richmond Palace (having ruled since 1558), and is succeeded by her cousin’s (Mary Queen of Scots’) son, King James VI of Scotland (where he has ruled since 1567), uniting the crowns of Scotland and England.
When did England lose its land in France?
Who had the most power in Elizabethan England?
The Court was the centre of political power in Elizabethan England and wealthy people went to court to try and win the favour of the queen. Elizabeth had ultimate power in the land and she could appoint people to the most important jobs.
Why did Henry break from Rome power?
He wanted to divorce Catherine and marry Anne because Catherine couldn’t give him a son, so he hoped that Anne could. Henry breaking with Rome made Henry leader of the church, so that means that the Pope was no longer leader of the church. This means the Pope lost his job and all the Catholics lost their leader.
What are two features of Elizabeth’s religious settlement?
The religious settlement was established in 1559 and came in three parts: • The Act of Supremacy made Elizabeth supreme governor of the Church of England – all clergy and royal officials had to swear an oath of allegiance to her as the head of the Church.
What was important in 1558?
Queen Mary I, the monarch of England and Ireland since 1553, dies and is succeeded by her 25-year-old half-sister, Elizabeth. A Protestant rebellion ensued, and Queen Mary imprisoned Elizabeth, a Protestant, in the Tower of London on suspicion of complicity. …
What was the cost in shillings of a Recusancy fine after the religious settlement?
Elizabeth tried to create a Middle Way which united Catholics and Protestants. Her Act of Uniformity said that everyone needed to attend a Protestant church on a Sunday, or pay a recusancy fine of 1 shilling a week (most rich Catholics did this).