How do you calculate respiratory compensation?

To review, Winter’s Formula is used to predict the PaCO2 which should result if there is appropriate respiratory compensation for a metabolic acidosis: predicted PaCO2 = 1.5 x [HCO3-] + 8.

How do you calculate compensated respiratory acidosis?

III. Calculation: Calculated PaCO2 in Metabolic Conditions

1. Metabolic Acidosis with expected compensation. PaCO2 = 1.5 x HCO3 + 8 (+/- 2) PaCO2Delta = 1.2 x BicarbDelta. PaCO2 will not typically drop below 10 mmHg in respiratory compensation.
2. Metabolic Alkalosis with expected compensation. PaCO2 = 0.7 x HCO3 + 20 (+/- 1.5)

What is a good ABG level?

According to the National Institute of Health, typical normal values are: pH: 7.35-7.45. Partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2): 75 to 100 mmHg. Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2): 35-45 mmHg.

How do you read blood gas results?

The first value a nurse should look at is the pH to determine if the patient is in the normal range, above, or below. If a patient’s pH > 7.45, the patient is in alkalosis. If the pH < 7.35, then the patient is acidosis. Remember, the lower the pH number, the higher the acid level in the body.

How to interpret an arterial blood gas analysis?

Summary. Arterial blood gas analysis is used to measure the pH and the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood.

• Introduction.
• Arterial puncture.
• Interpreting a blood gas result.
• What is the normal value of arterial blood gas?

Normal values of Arterial Blood Gas The result of an Arterial Blood Gas Testshows values for pH, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Bicarbonates, Lactic acid levels and oxygen saturation. Some ABG resultsalso show hemoglobin and serum electrolyte values. pH 7.35 – 7.45 PaO2 (Partial pressure of oxygen) 80 – 100 mm Hg PaCO2 (Partial pressure of carbon dioxide)

What are calculated arterial blood gases?

– pH (7.35-7.45) – PaO2 (75-100 mmHg) – PaCO2 (35-45 mmHg) – HCO3 (22-26 meq/L) – Base excess/deficit (-4 to +2) – SaO2 (95-100%)

How to obtain arterial samples for blood gas analysis?

Introduction. Blood gas analysis is a commonly used diagnostic tool to evaluate the partial pressures of gas in blood and acid-base content.

• Pathophysiology.
• Specimen Requirements and Procedure.
• Testing Procedures.
• Results,Reporting,Critical Findings.
• Clinical Significance.
• Quality control and Lab Safety.