Reporting Statistical Results in Your Paper

Table of Contents

## How do you report statistics?

Reporting Statistical Results in Your Paper

- Means: Always report the mean (average value) along with a measure of variablility (standard deviation(s) or standard error of the mean ).
- Frequencies: Frequency data should be summarized in the text with appropriate measures such as percents, proportions, or ratios.

## How do you write a discussion and results section?

Tips to Write the Discussion Section

- Highlight the significance of your findings.
- Mention how the study will fill the gap of knowledge.
- Indicate the implication of your research.
- Avoid generalizing, misinterpreting your results, drawing a conclusion with no supportive findings from your results.

## How do you solve a t-test step by step?

Independent T- test

- Step 1: Assumptions.
- Step 2: State the null and alternative hypotheses.
- Step 3: Determine the characteristics of the comparison distribution.
- Step 4: Determine the significance level.
- Step 5: Calculate Test Statistic.
- Step 6.1: Conclude (Statiscal way)
- Step 6.2: Conclude (English)

## What is the discussion in an APA paper?

The Discussion section contains the conclusions that can be drawn from the results. Be sure to restate the hypotheses here (though more generally than you did in the results section, e.g., discuss hypotheses with reference to individual behavior).

## What do t tests show?

A t-test is a type of inferential statistic used to determine if there is a significant difference between the means of two groups, which may be related in certain features. The t-test is one of many tests used for the purpose of hypothesis testing in statistics. Calculating a t-test requires three key data values.

## How do you report a difference in APA?

When reporting a significant difference between two conditions, indicate the direction of this difference, i.e. which condition was more/less/higher/lower than the other condition(s). Assume that your audience has a professional knowledge of statistics.

## How do you know when to reject Ho?

Remember that the decision to reject the null hypothesis (H 0) or fail to reject it can be based on the p-value and your chosen significance level (also called α). If the p-value is less than or equal to α, you reject H 0; if it is greater than α, you fail to reject H 0.

## How do you show chi square results?

Some things to look out for:

- There are two ways to cite p values.
- The calculated chi-square statistic should be stated at two decimal places.
- P values don’t have a leading 0 – i.e., not 0.05, just .
- Remember to restate your hypothesis in your results section before detailing your result.

## What are the 3 types of t tests?

There are three main types of t-test:

- An Independent Samples t-test compares the means for two groups.
- A Paired sample t-test compares means from the same group at different times (say, one year apart).
- A One sample t-test tests the mean of a single group against a known mean.

## How do you write a results section in APA psychology?

More Tips for Writing a Results Section

- Use the past tense. The results section should be written in the past tense.
- Be concise and objective. You will have the opportunity to give your own interpretations of the results in the discussion section.
- Use APA format.
- Visit your library.
- Get a second opinion.

## How do you report descriptive statistics in APA?

When reporting descriptive statistic from a variable you should, at a minimum, report a measure of central tendency and a measure of variability. In most cases, this includes the mean and reporting the standard deviation (see below). In APA format you do not use the same symbols as statistical formulas.

## How do I report a Shapiro Wilk test in APA?

For reporting a Shapiro-Wilk test in APA style, we include 3 numbers:

- the test statistic W -mislabeled “Statistic” in SPSS;
- its associated df -short for degrees of freedom and.
- its significance level p -labeled “Sig.” in SPSS.