How many P 51 Mustangs shot down?
By 8 May 1945, the 8th, 9th, and 15th Air Force’s P-51 groups claimed some 4,950 aircraft shot down (about half of all USAAF claims in the European theater, the most claimed by any Allied fighter in air-to-air combat) and 4,131 destroyed on the ground. Losses were about 2,520 aircraft.
Why did Nuremberg go to trials?
1. Nuremberg was chosen as the location for the trials because of its symbolic value. The Bavarian city that spawned the rise of the Third Reich by hosting massive Nazi Party propaganda rallies in the 1920s and 1930s was deemed by the victorious Allies to be a fitting place to stage its symbolic death.
How were the Japanese war crime trials different from the Nuremberg trials?
Unlike the Nuremberg trial of Nazi war criminals, where there were four chief prosecutors, to represent Great Britain, France, the United States, and the USSR, the Tokyo trial featured only one chief prosecutor–American Joseph B. Keenan, a former assistant to the U.S. attorney general.
Did the B-17 have a toilet?
During World War 2, large bomber aircraft, such as the American Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and the British Avro Lancaster, carried chemical toilets (basically a bucket with seat and cover, see bucket toilet); in British use, they were called “Elsans” after the company that manufactured them.
How many Japanese war crimes have been executed?
In addition to the central Tokyo trial, various tribunals sitting outside Japan judged some 5,000 Japanese guilty of war crimes, of whom more than 900 were executed.
How many engines can a 17 fly on?
|July 28, 1935 (prototype)
|Four 1,200-horsepower Wright R-1820-97 engines
|2 pilots, bombardier, navigator, radio-operator, 5 gunners
How many bomber crews survived 25 missions?
The aircraft was one of the first United States Army Air Forces B-17 heavy bombers to complete 25 combat missions. The aircraft and crew then returned to the United States to sell war bonds….Memphis Belle (aircraft)
|National Museum of the United States Air Force
How many were hanged at Nuremberg?
Which crime was not specifically charged at the Nuremberg trials?
The defendants, who included Nazi Party officials and high-ranking military officers along with German industrialists, lawyers and doctors, were indicted on such charges as crimes against peace and crimes against humanity. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) committed suicide and was never brought to trial.
Who were the guards at the Nuremberg trials?
World War II vet who stood guard at Nuremberg trials dies during COVID-19 outbreak at Soldiers’ Home
- U.S. Sen.
- Leo DiPalma with this wife, Louise DiPalma.
- Emilio “Leo” DiPalma, right, guards Baldur Von Schirach, head of the Hitler Youth, during testimony.
How accurate is Tokyo trial?
In the course of the proceedings, the court ruled that 45 of the counts, including all the murder charges, were either redundant or not authorized under the IMTFE Charter. Two defendants died during the proceedings and one was ruled unfit to stand trial. All remaining defendants were found guilty of at least one count.
What were the outcomes of the Nuremberg trials?
The IMT sentenced three defendants to life imprisonment and four to prison terms ranging from 10 to 20 years. It acquitted three of the defendants. Despite a series of postwar trials, many perpetrators of Nazi-era criminality have never been tried or punished.
What made the P-51 so good?
The long-range P-51 Mustang fighter was invaluable to the Allied victory, enabling resumption of strategic bombing after heavy losses suffered by unescorted bombers in 1943. Developed for export to Britain, models modified by the British to use Rolls-Royce Merlin engines became America’s most capable wartime fighters.
How many bomber pilots died in ww2?
Bomber Command aircrews suffered a high casualty rate: of a total of 125,000 aircrew, 57,205 were killed (a 46 percent death rate), a further 8,403 were wounded in action and 9,838 became prisoners of war. Therefore, a total of 75,446 airmen (60 percent of operational airmen) were killed, wounded or taken prisoner.
What can we learn from the Nuremberg trials?
The Influence of the Nuremberg Trial on International Criminal Law. The Nuremberg trials established that all of humanity would be guarded by an international legal shield and that even a Head of State would be held criminally responsible and punished for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity.
Which tank was better tiger or panther?
It is considered one of the best tanks of World War II for its excellent firepower and protection, although its reliability was less impressive. The Panther was a compromise. The Panther was far cheaper to produce than the Tiger I, and only slightly more expensive than the Panzer IV.
Who was tried during the Tokyo Trials?
The accused included nine civilians and nineteen professional military men: Four former premiers: Hiranuma, Hirota, Koiso, Tojo; Three former foreign ministers: Matsuoka, Shigemitsu , Togo. Four former war ministers: Araki, Hata, Itagaki, Minami.
What was the punishment for those found guilty during the Tokyo Trials?
The Tokyo War Crimes Trials took place from May 1946 to November 1948. The IMTFE found all remaining defendants guilty and sentenced them to punishments ranging from death to seven years’ imprisonment; two defendants died during the trial.
How many B 17 Crews died?
More than 50,000 Airmen lost their lives in the four years of WWII and the majority of those losses were on bomber missions over Nazi Germany in B-17s and B-24s. The average age of the crew of a B-17 was less than 25, with four officers and six enlisted Airmen manning the aircraft.