Is Sola Scriptura in the Bible?
In Matthew 23:2–3, Jesus teaches that the scribes and Pharisees have a legitimate, binding authority based “on Moses’ seat”, but this phrase or idea cannot be found anywhere in the Old Testament. It is found in the (originally oral) Mishnah, which teaches a sort of “teaching succession” from Moses.
What is the difference between nuns friars and monks?
Whereas monks live in a self-sufficient community, friars work among laypeople and are supported by donations or other charitable support. Monks or nuns make their vows and commit to a particular community in a particular place.
Did Galileo get a chance persuade Cardinal Bellarmine?
NARRATOR: Galileo actually welcomed the chance to make his case to Cardinal Bellarmine. He had heard that Bellarmine had an interest in astronomy and was fascinated by the telescope. But Galileo never even had a chance to persuade Bellarmine.
Why did the Catholic Church start the Inquisition?
The Inquisition, in historical ecclesiastical terminology also referred to as the “Holy Inquisition”, was a group of institutions within the Catholic Church whose aim was to combat heresy. The Inquisition started in 12th-century France to combat religious dissent, particularly among the Cathars and the Waldensians.
How many died in the medieval Inquisition?
32,000 individuals were executed under the Spanish Inquisition.
Who did the Catholic Church burn at the stake for heresy?
What caused the Spanish Inquisition?
The institution of the Spanish Inquisition was ostensibly established to combat heresy. The Spanish kingdom was unified with the marriage of Ferdinand II and Isabella I, and the Inquisition served to consolidate power in the monarchy.
Did the Jesuits lead the Inquisition?
Despite attracting the interest of the inquisition, the Company of Jesus, as it was known at first, secured papal approval in 1540. Nor were the Jesuits the initial agents of the Spanish Inquisition, which was run by the Dominicans when it was established in 1480.
How did Cardinal Bellarmine respond to the following arguments from Galileo?
Cardinal Bellarmine responded to the arguments from Galileo; as he stated, “To assert that the earth revolves around the sun is as erroneous as to claim that Jesus was not born of a virgin.” This makes the answer letter A for that the bible passages about the sun still should have not been interpreted literally.
Was the Inquisition justified?
The Inquisition in Spain was not the only tribunal in early-modern Europe that allowed the use of torture and sentenced individuals to death base on their religious beliefs. Lord Burghley, a Page 4 contemporary of the Inquisition, justified the torture of Catholics because the accused refused to incriminate themselves.
What was the Council of Trent and what did it do?
The Council of Trent was the formal Roman Catholic reply to the doctrinal challenges of the Protestant Reformation. It served to define Catholic doctrine and made sweeping decrees on self-reform, helping to revitalize the Roman Catholic Church in the face of Protestant expansion.
Why did the church not like heliocentrism?
Both scientists held the same theory that the Earth revolved around the sun, a theory now known to be true. However, the Church disapproved of this theory because the Holy Scriptures state that the Earth is at the center, not the Sun.
What reason does Cardinal Bellarmine give to explain why the church Cannot agree with Galileo’s assertion?
What reason does Cardinal Bellarmine give to explain why the Church cannot agree with Galileo’s assertion? What authority does he cite to refute Galileo’s assertion? He claims that the holy Fathers all have said that the sun moves around the earth.
How many waldensians were killed?
When did the church stop burning heretics?
In England, the burning of heretics ended in 1612 with the death of Edward Wightman; the country’s last execution for heresy (by hanging) occurred in 1697. Burning at the stake for crimes other than heresy continued into the 18th century.