## What did the Millikan experiment determine?

Millikan was able to measure both the amount of electric force and magnitude of electric field on the tiny charge of an isolated oil droplet and from the data determine the magnitude of the charge itself. Millikan’s original experiment or any modified version, such as the following, is called the oil-drop experiment.

## What did the Millikan experiment determine?

Millikan was able to measure both the amount of electric force and magnitude of electric field on the tiny charge of an isolated oil droplet and from the data determine the magnitude of the charge itself. Millikan’s original experiment or any modified version, such as the following, is called the oil-drop experiment.

## Which experiment determined the charge of an electron?

The oil drop experiment
The oil drop experiment was performed by Robert A. Millikan and Harvey Fletcher in 1909 to measure the elementary electric charge (the charge of the electron). The experiment took place in the Ryerson Physical Laboratory at the University of Chicago. Millikan received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1923.

How did Robert Millikan determine the charge of an electron?

In 1909, Robert Millikan and Harvey Fletcher conducted the oil drop experiment to determine the charge of an electron. They suspended tiny charged droplets of oil between two metal electrodes by balancing downward gravitational force with upward drag and electric forces.

### What is the charge of an measured in?

coulomb, unit of electric charge in the metre-kilogram-second-ampere system, the basis of the SI system of physical units. It is abbreviated as C. The coulomb is defined as the quantity of electricity transported in one second by a current of one ampere.

### What did Robert Millikan discover about the electron quizlet?

What did Robert Millikan discover about the electron? The charge and the mass of the electron. The charge on each drop was always some multiple of a single very small value, which he proposed to be the fundamental unit of charge carried by each e-.

How was the coulomb determined?

The calibrated torsion balance measured the force needed to twist the needle through a given angle. By bringing a similarly charged pith ball near the one on the needle, Coulomb determined the repulsive force between the charged balls as a function of their separation.

#### Is the charge of an electron negative?

Protons and Electrons A proton carries a positive charge (+) and an electron carries a negative charge (-), so the atoms of elements are neutral, all the positive charges canceling out all the negative charges. Atoms differ from one another in the number of protons, neutrons and electrons they contain.

#### What is charge of electron and proton?

As summarized in Table 2.1, protons are positively charged, neutrons are uncharged and electrons are negatively charged. The negative charge of one electron balances the positive charge of one proton.

Which of the following was Robert A Millikan able to determine?

Describe. Robert Millikan led to the determination of the charge and mass of an electron in 1916. His experiment (Millikan’s Oil-Drop Experiment) involved measuring the charge on tiny oil drops. The charge of each drop was always a multiple of 1.60 x 10^-19 C.

## How did Millikan determine the magnitude of the charge?

Millikan was able to determine the magnitude of the charge by measuring both the quantity of electric force and the magnitude of the electric field on the minuscule charge of an isolated oil droplet. What is Millikan’s Oil Drop Experiment?

## What did Millikan’s experiment show?

Millikan oil-drop experiment, first direct and compelling measurement of the electric charge of a single electron. It was performed originally in 1909 by the American physicist Robert A. Millikan, who devised a straightforward method of measuring the minute electric charge that is present on many of the droplets in an oil mist.

What is Millikan’s method of measuring electric force?

It was performed originally in 1909 by the American physicist Robert A. Millikan, who devised a straightforward method of measuring the minute electric charge that is present on many of the droplets in an oil mist. The force on any electric charge in an electric field is equal to the product of the charge and…

### What is the force of gravity in Millikan experiment?

Millikan’s experiment was meant to have the drops fall at a constant rate. At this constant rate, the force of gravity on the drop and the force of the electric field on the drop are equal: Q is the charge of an electron, E is the electric field, m is mass of the droplet, and g is gravity.