What does fieldwork begin with?

What does fieldwork begin with?

Begin by recording your “field notes”, keeping track of everything that you see and do, and what you observe others saying and doing. Then, describe what’s happening from both emic and etic perspectives. For the emic perspective, consider the activity you are engaged in and how it is viewed in your own culture.

What are the two main questions for anthropologists?

Physical Anthropology (the study of the human body)

  • Were ancient human bodies different from ours?
  • How have humans evolved?
  • Why are people all different, physically?
  • What kind of diversity is found in humans?
  • How have humans adapted to their different environments?
  • What do we know about human genetic variation?

What makes a question anthropological?

Anthropologists ask such basic questions as: When, where, and how did humans evolve? How do people adapt to different environments? How have societies developed and changed from the ancient past to the present? Answers to these questions can help us understand what it means to be human.

What do you do if you find an artifact?

Leave the artifact where you found it. Please don’t pick it up, move it, throw it, put it in your pocket or your bag, or bury it.

What challenges do archaeologists have to face during the fieldwork in order to know the past?

In addition to mud, bugs, and weather conditions, there are also the unpredictable challenges that technical difficulties pose as well as navigation. When people think of fieldwork, they imagine archaeologists digging for some sort of lost treasure or buried civilization.

What do archeologists do with broken artifacts?

Do archaeologists get to keep the things they have found? Generally, artifacts uncovered during an excavation are carefully collected, cleaned, labeled, recorded, and photographed, and then taken to a lab where they are analyzed.

Do archaeologists get to keep what they find?

Do archaeologists get to keep what they find? Professional archaeologists do not keep, buy, sell, or trade any artifacts. Quite simply, they don’t get to keep what they find because it doesn’t belong to them. If archaeologists kept what they found, they would be the only ones to know the story behind the object.

What artifacts do archaeologists look for?

Archaeologists also look for clues about past environments in things like seeds, animal bones and soil types. These types of finds are sometimes called “eco-facts.” They also look for features or things that people made or did that can’t be moved. Things like walls, floors or fireplaces.

What questions would a sociologist ask?

Top Ten ‘Big Questions’ for A-Level Sociology Students

  • To what extent is the individual shaped by society?
  • Is there such a thing as a social structure that constrains individual action, or is society nothing more than a figment of our imaginations?
  • To what extent does our social class background affect our life chances?

What makes anthropology a distinct discipline?

These include its: cross-cultural or comparative emphasis, its evolutionary/historical emphasis, its ecological emphasis and its holistic emphasis. 1. A cross-cultural or comparative approach is central to anthropological understanding. This emphasis also makes anthropology unique among the social sciences.

What questions would an archaeologist ask?

In order to learn about them, archaeologists ask questions like:

  • Who were these people?
  • Where did they live, and in what kind of environment?
  • What did they eat?
  • What tools and equipment did they use?
  • What contact did they have with other people?
  • How did they organise themselves and their society?

What are the two types of fieldwork conducted by anthropologists?

Observation and Participant Observation. Of the various techniques and tools used to conduct ethnographic research, observation in general and participant observation in particular are among the most important.

How do anthropologists get started conducting fieldwork?

Cultural anthropologists rarely embark on fieldwork without extensive preparation. This might include reviewing existing relevant literature, studying the language spoken in the region, packing tools for documentation and communication, and engaging a local interpreter.