## What is a strike-slip fault quizlet?

Strike-Slip Fault. Where two plates slide horizontally past each other, surface area is neither created nor destroyed. Great friction is common as the plates move, but sometimes the plates become stuck and movement temporarily stops.

### Which is the strike-slip fault?

strike-slip fault – a fault on which the two blocks slide past one another. The San Andreas Fault is an example of a right lateral fault.

What is a real life example of a strike-slip fault?

Well-known terrestrial examples include the San Andreas Fault, which, during the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, had a maximum movement of 6 metres (20 feet), and the Anatolian Fault, which, during the İzmit earthquake of 1999, moved more than 2.5 metres (8.1 feet).

What is a strike-slip fault and where is it located?

Faults are fractures in the earth’s crust. A strike-slip fault is a fault that moves laterally, or side to side. Faults that move to the right are called dextral, or right-lateral. Faults that move to the left are called sinistral, or left-lateral.

## What pushes and pulls on the Earth’s crust?

The movement of Earth’s plates creates enormous forces that squeeze or pull the rock in the crust. A force that acts on rock to change its shape or volume (the amount of space a rock takes up) is stress. Stress adds energy to the rock. The energy is stored in the rock until it changes shape or breaks.

### What causes strike-slip faults?

The cause of strike-slip fault earthquakes is due to the movement of the two plates against one another and the release of built up strain. As the larger plates are pushed or pulled in different directions they build up strain against the adjacent plate until it finally fails.

How are strike-slip faults formed?

Strike-slip faults are vertical (or nearly vertical) fractures where the blocks have mostly moved horizontally. The fault motion of a strike-slip fault is caused by shearing forces. If the block on the far side of the fault moves to the left, as shown in this animation, the fault is called left-lateral.

Is the San Andreas Fault a strike-slip fault?

what type of fault is the San Andreas? A San Andreas earthquake would be classified as occurring on a strike-slip fault. Strike-slip faults are found along boundaries of tectonic plates sliding past each other.

## Do strike-slip faults cause tsunamis?

Strike-slip faulting has generally been considered insufficient for triggering large tsunamis, except through the generation of submarine landslides. Herein, we demonstrate that ground motions due to strike-slip earthquakes can contribute to the generation of large tsunamis (>1 m), under rather generic conditions.

### How is a strike-slip fault formed?

This is the fault type that occurs when two tectonic plates slide past one another, generating the waves of energy we sometimes feel as earthquakes.

What is Earth’s crust that is thinner but denser?

Oceanic crust
Summary. Oceanic crust is thinner and denser than continental crust. Oceanic crust is more mafic, continental crust is more felsic.

How does stress affect Earth’s crust?

Stress causes the build up of strain, which causes the deformation of rocks and the Earth’s crust. Compressional stresses cause a rock to shorten. Tensional stresses cause a rock to elongate, or pull apart. Shear stresses causes rocks to slip past each other.