What is the meaning of cleisthenes?
Cleisthenes meaning Greek tyrant of Sicyon who led the Ionian population of the region in a revolt against the Dorians. 3.
What was Solon known for?
Solon, the Athenian politician and lawmaker: Solon (638-558 BC) was an Athenian politician, lawmaker and poet. He is considered as the first innovative lawmaker that set the ground for the creation of democracy, the governmental system that made Athens powerful and granted the city its fame all over the centuries.
What according to Aristotle was Solon’s second most important rule?
He introduced two important changes into judicial practice: any Athenian—not merely the injured party—might initiate a suit, and some measure of control over the verdict of magistrates was provided by right of appeal to a court of the citizens at large.
What happened to Hippias and Hipparchus?
The two friends, with a small band of accomplices, planned to kill both Hippias and his brother Hipparchus during the armed procession at the Panathenaic festival (514). The plot miscarried. They succeeded in killing only Hipparchus. Harmodius was slain on the spot, and Aristogeiton was captured and died under torture.
What was Solon’s legacy?
Solon ended exclusive aristocratic control of the government, substituted a system of control by the wealthy, and introduced a new and more humane law code. He was also a noted poet.
Why is Solon the father of democracy?
Solon laid the basis for democracy through eliminating debt slavery. He also probably established the Council of 400. Also, he gave every citizen the right to appeal the verdicts of magistrates before the assembly.
How did Pisistratus gain the support of the poor?
546 B.C.- How did Pisistratus gain the support of the poor? He launched a building project and gave money to the poor. He also helped poor buy farm equipment.
How did peisistratus tyranny end?
Hippias succeeded his father as tyrant, and his rule became harsher after the lovers Harmodius and Aristogeiton murdered his brother Hipparchus. Despite the more oppressive reign, the tyranny did not end until the Spartans intervened and deposed Hippias several years later.