Where did the term balkanization come from?

Where did the term balkanization come from?

Division of a place or country into several small political units, often unfriendly to one another. The term balkanization comes from the name of the Balkan Peninsula, which was divided into several small nations in the early twentieth century.

What countries underwent balkanization?

The countries eventually created out of the former Yugoslavia were Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Slovenia, Macedonia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kosovo did not declare its independence until 2008 and it is still not recognized as fully independent by the entire world.

Which of the following is the best example of a nation state today?

Places like France, Egypt, Germany, and Japan are excellent examples of nation-states. There are some States which have two nations, such as Canada and Belgium. Even with its multicultural society, the United States is also referred to as a nation-state because of the shared American “culture.”

What is the Balkan countries and name them?

The Balkans are usually characterized as comprising Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia—with all or part of each of those countries located within the peninsula.

What is the meaning of Balkans?

The word Balkan is Turkish and means “mountain,” and the peninsula is certainly dominated by this type of landform, especially in the west. The Balkan Mountains lie east-west across Bulgaria, the Rhodope Mountains extend along the Greek-Bulgarian border, and the Dinaric range extends down the Adriatic coast to Albania.

What is meant by Balkan region?

Balkans definition A geographical region in the southeast of Europe, roughly equivalent to the area covered by Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Kosovo, Croatia, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece and sometimes Romania.

What is ethnic cleansing in the Balkans?

1994 “Ethnic Cleansing” in the Balkans human rights violations within a society indicate a breakdown in the polit- ical structure and an internal social crisis. Hence, humanitarian interven- tion should not be viewed as an affront to sovereignty, but as a necessary tool to preserve it.

What is “ethnic cleansing?

“Ethnic cleansing” has been defined as the attempt to get rid of (through deportation, displacement or even mass killing) members of an unwanted ethnic group in order to establish an ethnically homogenous geographic area.

What is the relationship between ethnic cleansing and genocide?

Explaining the relationship between ethnic cleansing and genocide has caused controversy. Ethnic cleansing shares with genocide the goal of achieving purity but the two can differ in their ultimate aims: ethnic cleansing seeks the forced removal of an undesired group or groups where genocide pursues the group’s ‘destruction’.

What is’ethnic cleansing’?

‘Ethnic cleansing’ would seem to be targeted at something different, the expulsion of a group with a view to encouraging or at least tolerating its survival elsewhere. Yet ethnic cleansing may well have the effect of rendering the continued existence of a group impossible, thereby effecting its destruction.