What is a peristyle in architecture?
In Hellenistic Greek and Roman architecture, a peristyle (/ˈpɛrɪstaɪl/; from Greek περίστυλον) is a continuous porch formed by a row of columns surrounding the perimeter of a building or a courtyard. Tetrastoön (τετράστῳον or τετράστοον, ‘four arcades’) is a rarely used archaic term for this feature.
Where is the peristyle?
Peristyles could be found in temples, homes, and public buildings. They were usually rectangular or square in shape, although later architects sometimes adapted the idea using circular colonnades.
How do you use peristyle in a sentence?
Peristyle sentence example The temple was peripteral with 46 columns in its peristyle . Externally it is an Ionic peripteros, enclosing suites of rooms, large and small, grouped round a small interior Doric peristyle . Later, under Greek influences, a peristyle with rooms round it was added in place of the garden.
What is an Impluvia?
: a cistern or tank in the atrium or peristyle of a house of ancient Rome to receive the water falling through the compluvium.
What is impluvium and compluvium?
The compluvium allowed light, fresh air, and rain to enter the atrium; the impluvium was necessary to capture any rainwater and channel it to an underground cistern. The water could then be used for household purposes.
Is a courtyard with a peristyle?
A peristyle is a type of courtyard — an area open to the sky and surrounded by walls or buildings — that is enclosed by a columned, covered walkway. Popular in ancient Greek and Roman architecture, Peristyles could be found in temples, homes, and public buildings.
Where was the first temple to be surrounded by a peristyle located?
The peristyle had become an important temple feature and would remain so. It was first theorized that this type of peristyle feature (identified as a columned porch or open colonnade) was first identified in the eighth century at the Temple of Hera at Samos.
What is a Peristylium in a Roman house?
The peristylium was an open courtyard within the house; the columns surrounding the garden supported a shady roofed portico whose inner walls were often embellished with elaborate wall paintings.
What is the Culina in a typical Roman house or Domus?
Culina The kitchen in a Roman house.