What is the meaning of hypochondrium?
hypochondrium. / (ˌhaɪpəˈkɒndrɪəm) / noun plural -dria (-drɪə) anatomy the upper region of the abdomen on each side of the epigastrium, just below the lowest ribs.
Why does hypochondriac have two meanings?
Hypochondriac comes ultimately from the Greek word hypokhondria, which literally means “under the cartilage (of the breastbone).” In the late 16th century, when hypochondriac first entered the English language, it referred to the upper abdomen.
What does chondral mean?
Cartilage, or chondral, damage is known as a lesion and can range from a soft spot on the cartilage (Grade I lesion) or a small tear in the top layer to an extensive tear that extends all the way to the bone (Grade IV or “full-thickness” lesion).
What is right hypochondriac region?
The right hypochondriac region contains the liver and gallbladder, parts of the small intestine, components of the ascending and transverse colon and the right kidney. Terminology. English: Hypochondriac region.
Where is the right hypochondrium?
Liver, Anatomy The liver is situated in the right hypochondrium and epigastric regions under the rib cage and extends from the right fifth intercostal space at the midclavicular line to just below the costal margin.
Why are hypochondriacs called hypochondriacs?
In the 17th century, hypochondriac referred to people who suffered from “depression and melancholy without cause,” though we might suppose from the name of this malady that many depressed patients complained of abdominal pains, which otherwise went undiagnosed.
What does the term costal mean?
Definition of costal pertaining to the ribs or the upper sides of the body: costal nerves. Botany, Zoology. pertaining to, involving, or situated near a costa.
What is the meaning of chondriome?
Definition of chondriome. : the chondriosomes of a cell regarded as a functional unit.
What does Chondro mean before a vowel?
Also chondro-; especially before a vowel, chondr- . What does chondrio- mean? Chondrio- is a combining form used like a prefix meaning “cartilage” or “grain.” It is used in a few medical and scientific terms.
What is an example of a chondrio-?
One example of a scientific term that features the combining form chondrio- is chondriosome, also known as a mitochondrion. A chondriosome is “an organelle in the cytoplasm of cells that functions in energy production.”
What is the difference between chondrio-and chondr-?
When combined with words or word elements that begin with a vowel, chondrio- becomes chondr-, as in chondritis. Closely related to chondrio- is chondro-, as in chondromere, which is used in medical terms to indicate “cartilage” and scientific terms to indicate “grain” or “granular.”