Is p-xylene hazardous?

Is p-xylene hazardous?

Exposure to xylene can irritate the eyes, nose, skin, and throat. Xylene can also cause headaches, dizziness, confusion, loss of muscle coordination, and in high doses, death. Workers may be harmed from exposure to xylene.

What is p-xylene used for?

Paraxylene is widely used as a feedstock (or “building block”) to manufacture other industrial chemicals, notably terephthalic acid (TPA), purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and dimethyl-terephthalate (DMT). TPA, PTA and DMT are used to manufacture polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polyesters, a kind of plastic.

What is another name for p-xylene?


Other names p-Xylene, p-dimethylbenzene; p-xylol; 1,4-xylene; p-methyltoluene; paraxylene; chromar; scintillar; 4-methyltoluene; NSC 72419; or 1,4-dimethylbenzene.
CAS Number 106-42-3
3D model (JSmol) Interactive image

What is xylene alcohol?

Xylene is a flammable, colorless liquid with a characteristic petroleum or aromatic odor, which is miscible with most organic solvents and paraffin wax. It is suitable for clearing blocks that are less than 5 mm in thickness and rapidly replaces alcohol from the tissue.

Is p-xylene carcinogenic?

Both the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and EPA have found that there is insufficient information to determine whether or not xylene is carcinogenic and consider xylene not classifiable as to its human carcinogenicity.

Is xylene more toxic than acetone?

The key difference between xylene and acetone is that xylene is a cheap and less toxic solvent, whereas acetone is an expensive and more toxic solvent. Both xylene and acetone are important as solvents in chemistry laboratories.

Are xylene fumes harmful?

Breathing xylene vapors in small amounts can cause headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. With more serious exposure, xylene can cause sleepiness, stumbling, irregular heartbeat, fainting, or even death. Xylene vapors are mildly irritating to the skin, eyes, and lungs.

How much xylene is toxic?

ORAL: The estimated oral lethal dose is 15 to 30 mL. INHALATION: Inhalational exposure to 1000 ppm is considered immediately dangerous to life or health. Two deaths have resulted from 12+ hours of xylene exposure, estimated to be greater than 6000 ppm.

What is better xylene or acetone?

What is the correct MSDS name for p-xylene?

MSDS Name:p-Xylene, 99% Catalog Numbers:AC158770000, AC158770010, AC158770025, AC158775000 Synonyms:1,4-Dimethylbenzene.

What is the MSDS number for isopropyl alcohol?

MSDS Name: Isopropyl Alcohol, 50-100% v/v Catalog Numbers: LC15750, LC15755, LC15760 Synonyms: Isopropanol, 2-propanol, sec-propanol Company Identification: LabChem Inc 200 William Pitt Way Pittsburgh, PA 15238 Company Phone Number: (412) 826-5230 Emergency Phone Number: (800) 424-9300 CHEMTREC Phone Number: (800) 424-9300

Is xylene harmful to the skin?

Skin:May be harmful if absorbed through the skin. Xylene contact causes defatting of the skin with irritation, dryness, and cracking. Blistering may occur, particularly if exposure to concentrated xylene is prolonged and the exposed area of skin is occluded.

What are the risks of overexposure to xylene?

Exposure may cause blood abnormalities. Odor is not an adequate warning for overexposure to xylene.