What is the literally meaning of democracy?
democracy, literally, rule by the people. The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.
What is democracy according to scholars?
active, freely chosen participation of its citizens in the. public life of their community and nation. According to. scholar Diane Ravitch, Democracy is a process, a way. of living and working together.
Why was democracy important in ancient Greece?
Athenian democracy depended on every citizen fulfilling his role. All citizens were expected to vote, but they were also expected to serve in the government if necessary. In Athens, the people governed, and the majority ruled. All citizens had equal rights and powers.
What is democracy form of government?
Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία, romanized: dēmokratiā, from dēmos ‘people’ and kratos ‘rule’) is a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation (“direct democracy”), or to choose governing officials to do so (“representative democracy”).
What is the etymology democracy?
The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule.
What type of noun is the word democracy?
NOUNS. Traditional grammarians define a noun as “a person, place, thing, or idea.” Child designates a person; therefore, child is a noun. Similarly, democracy designates an idea; therefore, democracy is a noun.
What is meant by democracy?
1a : government by the people especially : rule of the majority. b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.
Where does the word democracy come from in Greek?
Democracy, literally, rule by the people. The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.
What are the different types of democracy?
There are many shades of democracy, each of which has its own benefits and disadvantages. There are two types of democracy: direct and representative. There are three systems of democracies: parliamentary, presidential, and mixed.
How is democracy exercised in a democracy?
In some forms, democracy can be exercised directly by the people; in large societies, it is by the people through their elected agents. Or, in the memorable phrase of President Abraham Lincoln, democracy is government of the people, by the people, and for the people.